Waterproof Sub-structure


A residential property in Wellington was being built on a sloping site. One interesting feature of this property was that two bedrooms and the garage would actually be below ground-level, meaning the floor slab and three sides of the building needed to be waterproofed. As this would be covered by a driveway and garden, there was no room for error from a waterproofing perspective. A further challenge was the fact that unlike waterproofing on large, open areas such as roofs - tanking the walls below the ground had to be done in a tight, confined space...



Tanking the external walls and floor slab of a home involves the application of a waterproofing layer (system) applied to the underside of the concrete slab and to the exterior of the block work or concrete panels to prevent water ingress. Viking Roofspec has two tanking systems for residential application; a self-adhering system called Viking Peel & Stick, or a torch-on solution called Viking Bituclad4.

Viking’s Peel & Stick system self-adheres to a bituminous primed surface, whereas Viking Bituclad4 (a 4mm thick bitumen sheet) is torched using a propane gas torch to the primed surface.

As the work was to be done in a confined space, it was decided that Viking Peel & Stick would be the more suitable option as it is easy to apply in tight locations (the 915mm x 20.4m rolls are easily handled on-site) and did not need a lot of equipment. Viking Peel & Stick is BRANZ appraised (no. 826). It is a self-adhering waterproofing system consisting of a 1.5mm-thick rubberised asphalt membrane, on the face of which a heavy-duty, high-impact polyethylene film is laminated. The adhesive side has a removable release sheet which is peeled back at the time of application to the substrate.

To start with, the floor slab was poured on Viking Peel & Stick membrane and the block walls then needed tanking. A critical component of this exercise is ‘tying’ the floor slab waterproofing to the tanking membrane (that runs up the block walls). To prepare the tanking job, the block work was primed with a roller-applied primer coat. The Peel & Stick membrane was then adhered on to it. Viking’s standard details called for an extra layer of Peel & Stick membrane applied on the external corners for durability (refer to detail PST02); this was 300mm centred (150mm coverage on each side).


The Viking Approved Applicator then protected the waterproofing sheet with a proprietary dimpled protection / drainage sheet supplied by Viking. The membrane was terminated at the top of the block wall by fixing under the bottom plate. A drain was installed at the bottom of the wall to ensure any water drained away from the wall. This was 200mm below the under-slab and block wall junction (refer to detail PST01).


The high-risk situation of waterproofing below-the-ground was a matter easily dealt with by Viking’s BRANZ appraised tanking materials installed by its skilled Approved Applicator. The sub-structure of the building received a durable waterproofing solution through quality detailing and a proprietary protection system, resulting in a tanking job that would meet the New Zealand Building Code’s Clause B2 requirement - 50-year durability.




Peel and Stick

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